- Jiang-yuan Xu, Zhang-xiong Liu, Martin Pachner, Eva Maria Molin, Volker Hahn, Willmar Leiser, Yong-zhe Gu, Yu-qing Lu, Li-juan Qiu
- Department of Crop Sciences, University of Natural Resources and Life Sciences Vienna, Konrad-Lorenz-Strasse 24, 3430 Tulln an der Donau, Austria National Key Facility for Crop Gene Resources and Genetic Improvement, Institute of Crop Sciences, Chinese Academy of Agricultural Sciences, No. 12 Zhongguancun South Street, Haidian District, Beijing, 100081, People’s Republic of China Center for Health & Bioresources, AIT Austrian Institute of Technology GmbH, Konrad-Lorenz-Strasse 24, 3430 Tulln an der Donau, Austria Donau Soja, Wiesingerstraße 6/14, 1010 Vienna, Austria State Plant Breeding Institute, University of Hohenheim, 70593 Stuttgart, Germany
China is the motherland of soybean and the rich center of genetic diversity represented by numerous soybean landraces and other genetic resources. During the last 100 years, world-wide dissemination of Asian soybean introductions has laid the foundation of modern soybean production. As selection for regional adaptation might narrow the genetic base in modern cultivars, genetic diversity of early maturity Chinese and European elite soybeans was comparatively analyzed using different genetic marker systems (i.e. a high-throughput functional SNP array and a set of SSR markers). Results revealed a clear differentiation between Chinese and European elite cultivars. Surprisingly, the level of genetic diversity was similar between the two elite populations. Unique SSR alleles were found in both populations which indicates that selection for specific adaptation can preserve genetic variation. The clear difference between Chinese and European cultivars might partly be due to the fact that very early maturity and cold tolerant soybeans grown in central and northern regions of Europe are mainly tracing back to soybeans which were introduced to Sweden from the far-east Russian island of Sakhalin. While diversity of European and Chinese cultivars is on a similar level, structure analysis indicated that European cultivars are based on two major ancestors, whereas Chinese elite soybean cultivars trace back to more ancestral lines pointing to the rich natural soybean diversity of China with a much more diverse genetic background. The results also confirm that long-term selection under divergent environmental and agronomic conditions such as in China or Europe can produce specific diversity. As genetic diversity is the most important factor for breeding success, the genetic differences between modern Chinese and European cultivars could potentially be utilized for future enhancing both Chinese and European soybean breeding.
Scatter plot (SNP-PCA)
Vollmann Johann, Rittler Leopold, Xindong Yao, Jiang-yuan Xu, Zhang-xiong Liu, Martin Pachner, Eva Maria Molin, Volker Hahn, Willmar Leiser, Yong-zhe Gu, Yu-qing Lu, Li-juan Qiu, 2023. Genetic diversity in early maturity Chinese and European elite soybeans: A comparative analysis. Legume Hub. https://www.legumehub.eu
Genetic diversity in early maturity Chinese and European elite soybeans: A comparative analysis
- Grain legume production in Europe for food, feed and meat-substitution
- Breeding for Biotic Stress Resistance in Pea
- The European Legume Hub Community
- Determination of isoflavones contents in soybean cotyledons, with near-infrared spectroscopy and chemometrics
- Explaining environmental influence on isoflavone accumulation in soybean cotyledons and embryo axis
- Argentina’s soybean meal: A threat or an opportunity in the sight?
- Functional properties of mildly fractionated soy protein as influenced by the processing pH
- Effect of calcium enrichment on the composition, conformation, and functional properties of soy protein
- Do we need to breed for regional adaptation in soybean?
- Transition to legume‑supported farming in Europe through redesigning cropping systems
- Legume Generation: Plant breeders and researchers collaborate for the next generation of legumes to reduce the protein gap in Europe
- The fermentation of pulses around the world
- Legume Hub SWISS: All about protein crops on the Swiss knowledge platform
- World Soybean Research Conference (WSRC11)
- XVI. International Lupin Conference
About this article
For matters related to publisher, citation and copyright, please refer to the original article.